When I think of Pakistan, the legendary Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan first comes to mind. Since discovering his music in 1995, I’ve been enthralled by qawwali. As a former international music journalist, I’ve spent a lot of time listening to one of the world’s most ecstatic musical styles, rooted in the epic devotional poetry of Rumi and the Sufi order his words helped create. There’s really nothing else like it on earth.
Yet I speak from a privileged position, growing up and living in a country that is not subject to censorship. I can freely write, listen to, and read about any music or culture I choose. Not everyone is in the same situation. Often, those who are not choose to fight hardest to ensure that others do not have to experience the oppression they’ve encountered.
Ali Chaudhary, a co-founder of Inkrypt, knows well what growing up in Pakistan is like. In 2008, the government first banned Youtube, inadvertently cutting off the entire world from the website. The video sharing site was soon restored, but over the next eight years, the government repeatedly blocked its citizens from accessing Youtube for a variety of (mostly religious) reasons. Finally, in 2016, a local version of Youtube was created to filter out “offensive material.”
Chaudhary and Inkrypt’s other co-founders call this censorship. They’re all from countries whose governments regularly block information from penetrating the consciousness of its population. While we have of late focused on the negative aspects of social media, we have to remember its a critical tool for social coordination, especially in nations that do not have unrestricted access to information. Thus was born Inkrypt, which is building “an anonymous, decentralized content-hosting solution that provides censorship resistance.” At the core of its message is freedom, one that recently resonated with Forbes:
The company, which has raised $1.3m in funding to date, is developing a platform which uses blockchain technology to provide “censorship-resistant” publishing. The system allows information to be stored in small, encrypted chunks of data which are distributed across a wide peer-to-peer network, rather than centralized on servers which can be easily attacked by hackers or government lawyers. Each part of the network is cloaked in anonymity so that one storage “node” does not know the identity of any other node.
This is following a groundbreaking partnership with Translo, a blockchain platform for sharing biomedical data—besides being a data scientist, Chaudhary is also a physician. That our medical records are so hard to access is a bureaucratic nightmare and a crime against the patient, who should have an easily accessible record no matter where in the world they might be.
This partnership between these two platforms would give Inkrypt the permission to provide a hosting solution that is secure for interoperable data in the pharma and the healthcare industry. This data would be made to be hack-proof and would not be accessed by unauthorized individuals.
At its worst, centralization creates its own form of censorship. When you can’t access information that is an integral part of your identity—your very medical history—opportunities for mismanagement and errors appear. Chaudhary (as with all of Inkrypt’s founders) has skin in this game. What they’re building from their experiences will be of tremendous benefit to societies around the world.